Creating A Positive Learning Environment


The Google is loaded with lots of various theories, articles, blogs and opinions about creating positive adult learning environments. I have been through many articles and I found a perfect definition of positive learning environment which says “An ideal positive adult learning climate has a non-threatening, non-judgemental atmosphere in which adults have permission for and are expected to share in the responsibility for their learning.”

success.jpgA positive learning environment is the direct result of actions taken by instructors who understand adult learners. Hallmarks of a positive learning environment are trust, open communication and shared learning experiences. Instructors who maintain the positive nature of the environment make use of the existing knowledge and skill of their students. Fundamental aspects of the environment include:

  • A recognition of the differences between androgogy and pedagogy
  • A deep understand of how the adult student functions in the classroom
  • A willingness and commitment to communicate with adult students in a way that fosters open exchanges

F5C4A9E83712E6A021C9868E178D2C4CDDE8777F_large.jpgEffective adult education or androgogy employs a model that incorporates the tremendous knowledge and experience that adults bring to the classroom and uses it to facilitate the learning process of all the students. Instructors should create an environment of clear expectations, open dialogue, and professional feedback. Leveraging the powerful features of androgogy will improve class interaction and maintain a positive learning environment. Instructors help adult students identify their own mistakes and facilitate improved understanding and performance. Some basic guidelines that instructors should follow to create and maintain a positive learning environment include:

  • Treat students as adults and recognize their existing skill and experience
  • Set clear and meaningful expectations for adult students
  • Avoid creating an environment that results in hostility
  • Address errors privately and respectfully

I found an article “Creating An Effective Adult Learning Environment” which listed all the suggestions needed to create positive and motivational learning environment in one page. Reading this article will help us as an instructor in creating a positive environment and foster a sense of support and partnership in adult learners. It talks about why to capitalize on the first session, incorporate group work, break the traditional classroom routine, use humor, support opportunities for individual problem solving. Take your time to go through as it worth.


Hegland, Gary. (n.d.). Techniques for Creating Positive Learning Environment Training. Retrieved from:

LBS Practitioner Training- Professional Development Support for Literacy And Basic Skills Educators in Ontario. (n.d.). Creating an Effective Adult Learning Environment. Retrieved from:

Ballou, James. Bright Hub. (2011). Creating a Positive Learning Environment for Adults. Retrieved from:

Skype Call with my Learning Partner

3d3311a7c6c099b5cd7e45dda44fcedeThis week I had the opportunity to talk with my learning partner Tim. It was a really nice experience talking to him over the Skype call. First, we shared our qualifications and work experience background. He is an experienced professional with more than 15 years’ working in food industry. Currently, he is working as a Culinary Arts instructor at Vancouver Community College. Whereas I worked in IT industry for 2 years as a VoIP Network Engineer. At present, I am at the stage of a career change and looking forward to starting my career in teaching industry. Both of us are from a very different background with a common goal of learning adult education.

We briefly touched the articles we posted in our blogs. We discussed latest emerging trends in our fields. My partner talked about the trends in the culinary industry. He said trends are changing in every industry and it’s not same always. In the food industry trends are evolving, repeating and changing with time and it’s hard to stick with any specific trend. It’s not always necessary that every student in your classroom will be comfortable in using computers and technical stuff, so an instructor always needs to keep these points in mind and teach accordingly. Also, we discussed trends in IT industry for example Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing.

We shared our research about adult education and reflective writing. We talked about how different personalities have different ideas about the same point and reflect that in different ways in their life. He shared his work experience in food industry and why he decided to be an instructor in Culinary Arts. He really had a hard time when he was working as a chef in restaurants. He worked for 16 hours a day and couldn’t get the time for his family. Therefore, he started working as an instructor and  now he is able to do the work life balance and can give equal amount of time to his family and work.

I liked his reflective personality and the way he described reflection. He likes reflecting the good change in his life and understands that there are other options too to solve a problem, therefore we should never stick to one and close our self to other options.

Characteristics of Adult Learners

Dusan Savicevic, a Yugoslavian educator, made Knowles aware of the term “Andragogy” in 1967 (Knowles 1990). Andragogy refers to the art and science of helping adults learn, meaning leader of man (‘andr’ is Latin for “man” and ‘agogy’ is Latin for “leader of”). andragogy-icon-masterKnowles developed an andragogical model based on 6 assumptions that are different from pedagogical model. These assumptions include: 1.need to know, 2.learner’s self-concept, 3.role of learner’s experience, 4.readiness to learn, 5.orientation to learning, 6.motivation. It is important to note that as children, we learn either through natural experience, or because we are told we must learn.  As adults, it is important that we understand why we are learning and how it applies. I think that all educational experiences have more value when students of any age understand why the learning task is relevant to personal growth.

imagesThere are multiple definitions of an adult learner described in an article “Andragogy-Malcom Knowles” submitted by Stevan R. Crawford.

Biological Definition: The age at which an individual can reproduce.

Legal Definition: The age that an individual can vote, drive, marry, etc.

Social Definition: When an individual begins to perform adult roles such as full-time worker, participating citizen, spouse, parent, etc.

Psychological Definition: When and individual develops a self-concept of being responsible for their own life.

Adult learning characteristics comprises the emotional, psychological and intellectual aspect of an individual and includes various traits and behaviors. Adults response best to learning that is experience based, active, recognizing them as experts, independent, real-life centered, task- centered, problem- centered, solution-driven, skill-seeking, self-directing, internally and externally motivated. I found a helpful PDF resource written by Dr. Gary Kuhne for “ADTED 460 -Introduction to Adult Education,” a course offered through Penn State’s World Campus. It describes ten characteristics of adult learners and teaching implications for each specific characteristic. Any training or education program must understand these characteristics of adult learners to ensure the program is structured around their needs. Four key words to remember and refer to when teaching adults are: Readiness, Experience, Autonomy, Action.

calCAL identified learner’s complexity using 2 characteristics: Personal and Situational. Personal characteristics include physiological/ aging, sociocultural/ life phases, psychological/ developmental stages and situational characteristics include part-time learning versus full-time learning, voluntary learning versus compulsory learning.



Liana Adult Education Package for Drylands of East Africa. (n.d.). Characteristic of Adult Learning. Retrieved from:

Kuhne, G. (n.d.). ADTED 460 -Introduction to Adult Education-10 Characteristics of Adults as Learners. Retrieved from:

Johnson, M. (n.d.). Adult Learners and Technology: How to Deliver Effective Instruction and Overcome Barriers to Learning. Retrieved from:

Fredrick, D. P., Rosanne, D. M., Joseph, M. P. J. (n.d.). Learning as an Adult and Cognitive Factors in Learning. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, LLC. Retrieved from:

Crawford, S. R. (n.d.). Andragogy-Malcolm Knowles. Retrieved from:

Trends in Adult Education: Video-Based Learning & Gamification

The online learning methods in today’s globalized world has replaced the traditional way of learning in an efficient time saving manner. The Learning Management System is changing quickly, Just between 2013 and 2014, the learning industry experienced 21% growth. The use of written material in education has become boring to today’s digital users. Neurological studies have proven that memories are reinforced when an emotion was attached to memory. New learning platforms are enabling new ways of doing things, leading to less complicated and more engaging learning tools. Some of the latest emerging trends in adult education for 2016 and beyond are Videos, Gamification, Mobile Learning, Big Data, Cloud, Competency based learning.

As the learning industry moving ahead, Video has emerged as one of the most effective tool in the market. If people want to learn how to do something, then they first go to thevideobasedtraining YouTube and search for the video of their interest. Key to the online video-based learning is flexibility. Videos in education make it possible to overcome practical real world constraints and explore the far greater possibilities provided by digital spaces. They promote student centered learning either within the classroom or at home. Companies that make learning videos tend to focus on them being entertaining and engaging. Often, they are paired with gamification efforts for maximum effect.

Gamification is another major trend of 2016 in adult education that most of us are still waiting to explode.It is the use of game-thinking and game mechanics in a non-game context in order to engage user and solve problems. stock-vector-gamification-chart-with-keywords-and-icons-362676431Experts agree that applying game dynamics onto non-gaming contexts brings great results in motivating people to achieve their goals. This feature can be easily applied to learning and e-Learning environments. Gamification offers a potential strategy for improving user engagement with learning materials – some experts claim that the technique can boost learner’s motivation to a smashing 90% recall rate. Once learners assume an active role in knowledge reception, they will automatically improve their chances at remembering it.

However, I found an article on “The Growth of Online Video Based Learning” which provides an easy to understand overview of video based learning and gamification in adult education.


Giannakos, M. N., Chorianopoulos, K., Ronchetti, M., Szeged, P., Teasley, S. D. (2014). Video-Based Learning and Open Online Courses. iJET ‒Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014. Retrieved from:

Wiliams, I. (2015). Key e Learning Trends For 2016. Retrieved from:

Moody, K. (2016). The top learning trends for 2016 and beyond. Retrieved from:

Calderone, L. (2016). The Growth of Online Video-Based Learning. Retrieved from:



Latest Trends in IT

Think for a second about an organization not using cloud computing to help improve business efficiency. It’s harder to identify, isn’t it? Riding the technology wave can be a challenge but understanding latest trends and how they will impact your organization after few years from now is critical. Today I will talk about some latest trends in IT industry and before moving forward, look for an article shared below.

Virtual Convergence: The Internet of Things and the Cloud “

This article will give you a brief idea about symbiotic relationship between Virtualization, IoT (Internet of Things) and Cloud computing platform. More importantly, it will give you an overview and details about IoT market predictions, how it intersects with cloud and virtualization.

Please go through the list below to understand what are those latest trends in the market and why they are so important for us?

Internet of Things (IoT): The IoT links data to the Internet, enabling data and insights never available before. It is more than philosophy and technology, it is something when everything seems connected to everything else. iot

Now a day, billions of objects that means every object that you can think of such as Laptop, Desktop, TV, Refrigerator, Smart Phone, Video Game, Media Player, sensors, etc. is connected to Internet. All connected devices become an intelligent system of systems, these intelligent systems of systems can share data and analyze it and they can transform our business, world, life in countless ways. This is the future and remember this is just a tip of an iceberg. To know more about it, check for the original link of the video shared below.

Virtualization: Virtualization is the process of creating a virtual or software-based representation of something rather than a physical one. It can apply to applications, servers, storage, and networks and is the single most effective way to minimize IT expenses, operating costs, downtime, resources while increasing IT efficiency, productivity, agility and responsiveness.benefits-of-server-virtualization-technology-2

A virtual computer system is known as a “virtual machine” (VM):  a tightly isolated software container with an operating system and application inside.  Each self-contained VM is completely independent. Putting multiple VMs on a single computer enables several operating systems and applications to run on just one physical server. A thin layer of software called a hyper-visor separates the virtual machines from the host and dynamically allocates computing resources to each virtual machine.

There is various type of virtualization: Desktop Virtualization, Server Virtualization, Network Virtualization etc. This concept allows 100% utilization of resources.

Cloud Computing:

In Cloud computing is computing based on the internet and  sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. Where in past people used to download the applications and programs on their physical computer or server to use them.

There are multiple benefits of using cloud computing and any 3 of them are more than enough to convince many businesses to move their business into the cloud. Most important of them are: Flexibility, Disaster Recovery, Automatic Software Updates, Increased Collaboration, Work from anywhere, Document control, Security, Competitiveness, Environmentally friendly.

Connecting wireless to the cloud through any device mean access to any stored data is no longer confined to a single desktop. It allows businesses to stay online all the time. Loss of data should never be an issue as all important documents are stored remotely in a secure data center where regular backups are made. The cloud is inherently less prone to disaster than local storage.

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First blog post

Hello Everyone,

This is my very first post in this blog and “PIDP 3100: Foundations in Adult Education” is very first course of this program for me. Over the next few weeks, I will use this blog for learning Adult Education in BC by sharing the links of various types of articles, research findings, thoughts and ideas. In order to complete my assignment part, I will post some specific information & links to this blog about following:

-key trends in Information Technology (IT)
-Key trends in Adult Education
-Summarized conversation with my Learning Partner
-Creating a positive learning environment
-Cognitive Science for learning
-Self-directed learning/ Trans formative learning/ Experiential learning

I would really appreciate all the feedback, suggestions and comments to help and improve each others knowledge of Adult Education. Looking forward to work with you all together during this journey.